The USCIS grants a temporary 2-year green card at first, allowing the entrepreneur the opportunity to turn the investment into 10 new US jobs. At the end of the two-year period the investor must demonstrate that the investment has been made and that the jobs have been created for a permanent green card to be issued.
The investment must be in a new commercial enterprise, which is any business established after November 29, 1990.
The investor must invest $1,000,000 of personal assets and put them at risk in the US enterprise. Outside investment cannot be used to qualify for an EB-5 green card. In addition, money that is re-invested into a company also does not qualify for EB-5 investment. In order for the funds to qualify they must flow from the investor to the company. So if your company is profitable, you must pay out the money, pay taxes, and re-invest for the funds to qualify for EB-5.
Capital means cash, equipment, inventory, other tangible property, cash equivalents, and indebtedness secured by assets owned by the alien entrepreneur, provided that the alien entrepreneur is personally and primarily liable and that the assets of the new commercial enterprise upon which the petition is based are not used to secure any of the indebtedness. All capital shall be valued at fair market value in United States dollars. Assets acquired, directly or indirectly, by unlawful means (such as criminal activities) shall not be considered. Capital, for the purpose of the EB-5 green card, cannot be borrowed.